Criminal Law Blog

Seenaa adabbii yakka yoo ilaalle, adabbiin balleessaa adda addaa hordofuun kennamaa ture baay’ee suukaneessaa fi kaayyoo sirna haqaa yakka hammayyaa irraa kan fagaate ture. Adabbiin haala akkasiin kennamaa ture qajeeltoowwanii fi ulaagaalee seera yakka, mirga dhala namaa fi bulchiinsa sirna haqaa yakka kan hin hordofnee fi gonkumaa sirnaa fi qajeeltoo ittiin hogganamu kan hin qabne ture. Haata’u malee, guddina sirna seeraa adda addaa fi dagaagina gaaffii mirga dhala namaa wajjin qajeeltoowwan seera yakkaa fi adabbiin yakkaas guddachaa dhufaniiru.Seerotni adabbii yakkaas adeemsaan boca qabachaa fi qajeeltoowwan…
The issue of trafficking in persons from and within Ethiopia has become a critical issue of concern for the country. The level of concern is clearly reflected in the increased media coverage of the situation of victims of trafficking as well as the measures taken by the government to address the problem through legislative, policy and programmatic mechanisms. While the current attention to the issue is to be commended, there also appears to be some level of confusion as to what trafficking in persons is.…
የዛሬው ጽሑፍ የሚያጠነጥነው በወንጀል ሕግ ዙሪያ ነው፡፡ የወንጀል ሕግና የኅብረተሰቡ የሞራል አስተሳሰብ የጠበቀ ቁርኝት አላቸው፡፡ በአብዛኛው በኅብረተሰቡ እንደ ኃጢያት ወይም ነውር የሚቆጠሩ ድርጊቶች በወንጀል ሕግም የሚያስጠይቁ ናቸው፡፡ አመንዝራነት፣ ስርቆት፣ ስድብ፣ ግብረሰዶም ወዘተ. ኃጢያት ወይም ነው ብቻ ሳይሆኑ ወንጀልም ተደርገው በወንጀል ሕጉ እንደሚያስቀጡ ተመልክቶ እናገኛለን፡፡ ይሁን እንጂ ኃጢያት ወይም ነውር የሆነ ድርጊት ሁሉ ግን ወንጀል ላይሆን ይችላል፡፡ ዝሙት አዳሪነት ለዓብነት ብንመለከት ድርጊቱ ኃጢያት ወይም ነውር መሆኑ ባያጠያይቅም፣ በወንጀል ሕጋችን በመርህ ደረጃ የወንጀል ኃላፊነት የማያስከትል ድርጊት ሆኖ እናገኘዋለን፡፡ የወንጀልና የኃጢአት ግንኙነት ስፋት እንደ ኅብረተሰቡ የሞራል አስተሳሰብ የሚለያይ …
1 Introduction The attorney-client professional relationship is protected by law in every legal system. The protection conferred to professional privilege serves different purposes. From the human rights protection point of view, confidentiality of information obtained in the course of legal advice or legal proceedings promotes the right to a fair trial, the right to privacy and the right not to incriminate oneself. It protects citizens from arbitrary encroachment of their rights by investigatory authorities. Depending on the legal systems adopted by various countries, the scope…
1. Introduction Distinct from conventional crimes, “organized crime” involves the commission of series crimes by criminal groups. The offences range from the traditional piracy and slave trade to the present day cybercrime and nuclear smuggling. The Italian Mafia, the Chinese Triads, the Colombian drug cartels, the Japan Yakuza and the Nigerian Criminal Groupsare examples of organized criminal groups. Organized criminal groups are booming dramatically throughout the world. Just looking at the known Mafias, there was an increase from 785 in 1990 to 8 000 in…
1. Introduction Globalization is easing border restrictions and increasing travel opportunities. Perpetrators use globalization to avoid prosecution and justice. This problem can be solved by creating international cooperation between criminal justice systems of countries. Among others,Extradition has been used in handling transnational criminal matters. Extradition denotes the process of request made by a state to transfer a fugitive from another for purpose of prosecution. The United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) provides extradition as one of the devices to be used in the fight against…
1. Introduction Unlike crimes like murder, theft and rape that are committed in one jurisdiction, corruption can take multiple jurisdictions. Hence, the fight against corruption is complex as it is supported by advanced technologies and confronted by jurisdiction barriers. Identifying this difficulty, international as well as regional anti-corruption instruments have highlighted the significant of international cooperation to combat corruption. Among other mechanisms, countries are recommended to use mutual legal assistance. This paper will discuss the concept of mutual legal assistance and how it is stipulated…
A Review of Williams and Beare in their article ‘The Business of Bribery: Globalisation, Economic Liberalisation, and the ‘Problem’ of Corruption’, present both sides of the story. 1. Introduction Unlike, the long standing view of corruption as a national problem, currently, corruption is understood as an epidemic of the world. However, this perception is questioned on numerous grounds. Among other things, it is argued that, the present concept of corruption reflects of western economic and political interest, rather than the reality. Williams and Beare in…
በልደታ ክፍለ ከተማ ውስጥ ሺሻ በማስጨስ ተግባር ላይ ተሰማርተው የሚገኙ ግለሰቦች እና የማስጨሻ ቤቶች መኖራቸውን የተረዳው የልደታ ክፍለ ከተማ ፖሊስ መምሪያ እና በሥሩ የሚገኙ የተለያዩ ፖሊስ ጣቢያዎች የሺሻ ማስጨሻ ዕቃዎችን እና ሺሻ ሲያስጨሱ የነበሩ ግለሰቦችን በቁጥጥር ስር አውለዋል፡፡ ሺሻን ሲያስጨሱ የነበሩ ግለሰቦች ላይም የወንጀል ምርመራ የተጣራባቸው ሲሆን በምርመራ መዛግብቱ ላይ በፌዴራል ዐቃቤ ሕግ በኩል ተገቢውን የሕግ አስተያየትና ውሳኔ መስጠት ይጠበቃል፡፡ ሆኖም ጉዳዩ ከዚህ ቀደም በፌዴራል ፍርድ ቤቶችና በፌዴራል ዐቃቤ ሕግ ሲታይ ያልነበረ በአንፃሩ በአዲስ አበባ ከተማ አስተዳደር ፍርድ ቤቶችና በከተማ ነክ ፍትሕ ጽ/ቤቶች የአቤቱታ ምርመራና…
In Ethiopia, the use of mediation process as a traditional method of dispute resolution has been practiced for centuries. Even today in rural areas, particularly criminal dispute resolution processes dealing with victims and criminal offenders are widely practiced and deep rooted with varying degrees among the different ethnic groups in the country. For instance, the use of mediation process through Jaarsaa Biyya or Jaarsaa Araara among the Oromo and the other ethnic groups has been used. However, despite the potential applicability of these institutions as…
ፌቡራሪ 17/2014 እ.ኤ.አ. ዕለተ ሰኞ ንብረትነቱ የኢትዮጵያ አየር መንገድ የሆነ በበረራ ቁጥር ET 702 የተመዘገበ ቦይንግ 767 የመንገደኞች ማመላለሻ አውሮፕላን ከአዲስ አበባ በሱዳን በኩል አድርጎ ወደ ጣሊያን ሲበር በረዳት አብራሪው ሃይለመድህን አበራ ተገድዶ ስዊዘርላንድ ጄኔቭ ማረፉን ተከትሎ የስዊዘርላንድ መንግስት ረዳት አብራሪውን ለኢትዮጵያ አሳልፎ እንደማይሰጥና በስዊዘርላንድ መንግስት የህግ ከለላ እንደሚደረግለት እንዲሁም ረዳት አብራሪው ያቀረበው የፖለቲካ ጥገኝነት ጥያቄም ከፍርድ ሂደቱ በኋላ ምላሽ እንደሚያገኝ ጉዳዩም በስዊስ ሃገር ፍ/ቤት የሚዳኝ መሆኑን መግለጹን ከተለያዩ ሚዲያዎች መገንዘብ ችለናል፡፡ ይህ በእንዲህ እንዳለ የፌደራል አቃቤ ህግ የወንጀል ህግ 507(1)ን በመተላለፍ አውሮፕላንን ያላግባብ መያዝ…
የተዋጣለት የወንጀል ምርመራ ሥራ ለወንጀል ፍትሕ ሥርዓት መስፈን ቁልፍ የሆነ ሚና እንደሚጫወት በርካታ በወንጀል ምርመራ ሥራ ላይ የታተኮሩ መጽሐፍት የሚገልጹት ጉዳይ መሆኑን እንረዳለን፡፡ በወንጀል ምርመራ ወቀት የተፈጸመ ወንጀልን ለማግኘት እና ጥፋተኛውን ለይቶ ለማውጣት ከሚጠቅሙ ቀዳሚ ነገሮች መካከል የሚከተሉትን መጥቀስ ይቻላል፡፡ 1. የወንጀል ሕጉን ይዘት በጥልቀት መረዳት የማንኛውም የወንጀል ምርመራ የመጀመሪያ አቅጣጫ ተፈጸመ የተባለው ድርጊት በትክክል በወንጀል ሕግ ወይም በሌሎች ሕጎች ላይ በወንጀል የሚያስቀጣ መሆኑንና አለመሆኑን ማረጋገጥ ነው፡፡ የወንጀል ሕጉን ይዘቶች ጠንቅቆ አለመረዳት መርማሪዎች፡- ትክክል ባልሆነ መነሻ የወንጀል ክስ እንዲያቀርቡ፤ ወይም ትክክል በሆነ መነሻ የወንጀል ክስ…
ፍርድ ቤት ቅጣት ማቅለያን ወይም ማክበጃን በሌላ ማቅለያ ወይም ማክበጃ ቀይሮ ማቅለል ወይም ማክበድ ይችላል? የቅርብ ጓደኛው ጋር ተጠግቶ ይኖር የነበረ ግለሰብ፣ ጓደኛው በሌለበት አሳቻ ሰዓት 10000 ብር የሚገመት ቶሺባ ላፕቶፕ ወስዶ ለግል ጥቅሙ አውሏል በሚል የወንጀል ሕግ አንቀጽ 665(1)በመተላለፍ በስረቆት ወንጀል ተከሶ፣ ክሱን በዝርዝር በማመኑ ጥፋተኛ ይባላል:: የቅጣት ማክበጃ አስተያየት የተጠየቀው ዐቃቤ ሕግ የወንጀሉን ደረጃና እርከን ካስቀመጠ በኋላ “ተከሳሹ የስርቆት ወንጀሉን የፈፀመው አስጠግቶ በሚያኖረው የቅርብ ጓደኛው ላይ በመሆኑ በከሐዲነት የፈጸመው ነው፡፡ ስለሆነም በወንጀል ሕግ አንቀጽ 84(1)(ሀ) መሠረት ከብዶአንድ ርከን ከፍ ብሎ ይወሰንልን” ብሎ ይጠይቃል::…